Responsibility is being accountable for one’s actions. Taking on more independence and responsibility is part of your adolescent’s growth, and teaching the value of responsibility goes a long way in guiding him into a responsible adult. Responsibility is not just about how the choices your child makes affect him, but also how his choices and actions affect others. In order to learn to make responsible decisions, your teen needs to know what responsibility is and what your family holds him responsible for. This could range from household tasks like feeding the family pet and taking care of his room and belongings, to following through on schoolwork and extracurricular activities.
Talk about responsibility and accountability. Accountability is an important aspect of relationships, and one of the best ways to teach your adolescent about this is to talk about the role responsibility plays in your family. Director of Rutgers Social and Emotional Learning Lab Maurice Elias recommends asking your child, “How am I going to know that you followed through?” This is a good way to talk about accountability, and it gives your child a way to show you that he is responsible. At dinner time, try to have a natural conversation about responsibilities that each member of your family has had to fulfill recently and why it was important for them to do so. Be sure to point out that people who are responsible behave in ways that make others trust them, and they take ownership of their actions. They don’t make excuses for bad behavior or blame others when something goes wrong. Tell your child that it is good to take responsibility for his actions, and that by shifting the blame or playing the victim he is only contributing to the problem.
Have your adolescent get a small job or spend some time volunteering. For example, he could get a job helping a neighbor with a small yard project, tutoring a younger child, or babysitting. Not only will your child take on more responsibility, but he’ll also earn some money, which can teach him about managing finances. Volunteering also provides your child responsibility without the financial incentive, which can be a good learning experience. Service is a great way for your child to expand many social and emotional abilities, including responsibility, empathy, kindness, and relationship skills.