Parents know the power of sunscreen and remember to slather on and repeat. Kids? Not so much.
There's a lot at stake as the majority of skin damage and excessive sun often comes in childhood, so it's a really critical period for sun protection, said Dr. Wendy Sue Swanson, a Seattle pediatrician who writes the Seattle Mama Doc blog.
"The best sunscreen out there is the one that's used early and often," Swanson told TODAY Parents.
She recommended using mineral, rather than chemical sunscreen -- with ingredients such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide -- and looking for an SPF over 30. Sunscreen is usually OK for infants older than 6 months, she noted. Doctors continue to study the best sun-protection practices for babies and toddlers.
Here are tips for putting and keeping sunscreen on children:
1. Before applying, consider other ways to protect skin
Dressing your child in sun-safe clothing will minimize the amount of skin you have to cover with sunscreen, which will reduce the struggle from the start.
"I just want families to know that using UV protective clothing and things like hats, and using the benefit of the shade is a really powerful way to protect children from radiation from the sun," Swanson said.
"Then, in areas of their body you can't cover with UV protective clothing, that's when we think, yeah, we want you to use sunscreen and use it judiciously."
2. Make it a ritual right from the start
Swanson has never struggled with getting her two sons, who are 6 and 8, to wear their swim shirts. They've never gone swimming outside without them, so they don't know anything different, she said.
Kids should understand early on: "The privilege of getting to do this fun activity comes with the responsibility of taking care of our skin while we do it," she said.
"This is like everything in life, like brushing our teeth … these are just good habits that we can create."
3. Don't wait until the last minute to apply
When you arrive at the beach and kids can see the water, the last thing they'll want to do is hang around for a sunscreen application. Make sure they're protected and ready to go.
Shell Roush, a mom of three boys who lives near the beach in in Jacksonville, North Carolina, has perfected the routine. The family visits the seashore so often that she buys sunscreen in bulk and the cream always goes on before the fun begins.
"We apply it at home, right before we leave, out on the porch. That way, the kids can hit the water as soon as we get to the beach without them having to anxiously wait for their sunscreen to be applied, plus it gives the sunscreen time to dry before they get wet," Roush, who writes The Soccer Moms blog, said.
For sunscreen to work best, apply it 30 minutes before exposure to the sun, Swanson said. In an ideal world, you're in an indoor environment when you apply, she added.
4. Apply when they're strapped in their car seat
This approach can make the process easier with infants and toddlers.
"Toddlers, I think, are the hardest. They're just squirmy and wormy and you fight and there are autonomy issues going on at that age," Swanson said.