Self-management is the ability to control your emotions and work toward goals, a skill that is important for all ages.
During the pre-kindergarten years, children are learning very quickly. While children at this age may have short attention spans, they often learn best by being read to, playing pretend and observing others, especially you. By setting a strong example, you can show your child how to be socially and emotionally intelligent.
At ages 3 and 4 your child is more aware of their feelings than they were when they were younger, but your child usually has a hard time handling those emotions. If your child thinks something is funny your child may laugh and laugh and laugh, even at inappropriate times, which can be frustrating for parents. Or if they are angry your child may throw a tantrum or suddenly start crying.
You may notice your child trying to calm themselves down when upset – for example, by hugging a stuffed animal or taking comfort in a favorite pillow or blanket – which means they are starting to develop their self-management skills.
During the pre-kindergarten years, children are learning very quickly.
At this age, your child may not be able to control their feelings or understand how to handle them. For example, he or she may take toys away from siblings or friends, or even bite or hit, when he is angry. It is your job to teach them appropriate behavior.
You can also teach your child the goal-setting aspect of self-management, which will help her as she grows older. Goals at this age should be considered more like routines which will help your child understand what is expected of her. For example, brushing teeth before bed is a simple goal or routine at this age.
Keep in mind that every child develops at his own pace. Maurice Elias, director of the Social-Emotional Learning Lab at Rutgers University, recommends being watchful without overly worrying, as preschoolers are extremely different in their rate of development and your child may even excel in one area and lag in another. The concepts highlighted in this section are based on the five sets of competencies developed by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL). If you have concerns about your child’s development, please contact your healthcare provider, his teacher or school counselor, or visit our additional resources page.