In kindergarten, children learn the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. They discover that sounds and letters can be combined to make words, words can be put together to make sentences and that sentences can be written down for us to read. In kindergarten, students learn to listen carefully to stories, poems, and informational books and to read common words and simple books. Through books, conversations and experimenting with language, kindergarteners learn many new words. They use this growing vocabulary to share ideas and information in discussions with classmates. They begin to write and use a combination of writing, drawing, and dictating to describe their experiences and to give information.
Name upper and lowercase letters and match them to their sounds.
Recognize beginning sounds and blend sounds into simple words.
Quickly read short, common words (e.g. a, the, and, to) “by sight”.
Develop basic understandings about books and writing.
Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page while reading or being read to.
Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
Name the author and illustrator of a story and explain what each does.
Recognize and name periods and question marks.
Read simple books with understanding.
How you can help your child develop reading and writing skills outside of the classroom.
Actively engage with many different kinds of books and printed materials.
Some sample texts:
Over in the Meadow, by John Langstaff
Pancakes for Breakfast, by Tomie DePaola
Kitten’s First Full Moon, by Kevin Henkes
Truck, by Donald Crews
I Read Signs, by Tana Hoban
Amazing Whales!, by Sarah L. Thomson
Ask and answer questions about stories and informational books.
What or who is this story about? What happens in the story? How does the story end?
What is this article or book about? What is the author explaining? What did we learn from this?
Retell familiar stories- identify characters, settings and major events.
Get information from the words and the pictures in a book.
Print most uppercase and lowercase letters.
Capitalize the first word in a sentence and end each sentence with a period or question mark.
Use knowledge of letters and sounds to spell words the way they sound.
Use a combination of drawing, speaking and writing to:
tell a story
state an opinion
Understand and use many new words.
Understand and use question words (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
Use common prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off,).
Understand words learned in science and social studies (e.g., hibernation, tradition)
Express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.
Participate in conversations and follow rules for discussions (e.g., listen to others and take turns speaking).